Even though it has been in place for decades, many homeowners association directors are unaware of the requirements under the Florida Marketable Record Titles Act (MRTA) for HOAs to reaffirm and renew their covenants and restrictions 30 years after they were originally recorded in the local county records. MRTA was created to extinguish claims to property which are at least 30 years old in an effort to stabilize property law by clearing old defects from titles, limiting the period of record searches, and clearly defining marketability by extinguishing old interests of record. One of the unintended consequences of the Act is that the Declarations of Covenants, Conditions and Restrictions recorded for HOAs may be set to expire after 30 years of the date which they were recorded. However, MRTA provides a specific process for HOAs to renew and preserve their covenants and restrictions in order to keep them in place after the 30-year term. Keep in mind that for most HOAs, if the residents are no longer compelled to act in accordance with the community's declaration, the results could be catastrophic for the association's administration and finances.
The statute requires that a "Notice to Preserve" must be filed in the public records of the county where the property is located prior to the expiration of the 30-year period. This Notice must be approved by at least two-thirds of the members of the board of directors, and the notice of the meeting regarding the ratification of the Notice to Preserve must be provided at least seven days prior using the statutorily required meeting notice procedures.
For associations seeking to revive declarations that have already expired, MRTA also provides procedures.
The statute includes guidelines as to the substance of the Declaration of Covenants, Conditions and Restrictions that is being submitted for revival, and it establishes that "the proposal to revive a declaration . . . shall be initiated by an organizing committee consisting of not less than three parcel owners located in the community . . . and no later than 60 days after the date the proposed revived declaration and other governing documents are approved by the affected parcel owners, the organizing committee or its designee must submit the . . . . materials to the Department of Community Affairs for review.
HOA declarations enable the associations to impose fees, file liens, collect assessments and implement other protocols that provide for the administration and financial viability of the community. It is imperative that HOAs preserve or revive and maintain their covenants and restrictions under MRTA in order to avoid potentially severe consequences, including the possibility of challenges by lot owners arguing that the covenants and restrictions with respect to their lot have been extinguished. Our firm's other community association attorneys and I strongly advise HOAs to check the recording date for their declarations and work with experienced legal counsel in order to avoid the expiration of their governing documents under MRTA.